EXPLORING UNCONVENTIONAL RAW MATERIALS FOR TEXTILE PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA

Nkemdilim Angela Udeani

Abstract


The importance of textiles in human essence cannot be overemphasized. Essentiality negates fundamentality. Textile has taken a wave in contemporary style. Given the alarming increase in world population, the permutation is that conventional materials would not be sufficient any more. Hence this paper explored unconventional natural fibers such as kuka (adonsoniadigitata), kargo (piliostigmathonningii), and farin kaya (cassia sieberiana) as diversification. The study is experimental in which case Chemical method was used for extraction of the fibers using hot and cold water. Parameters such as tensile strength, fiber yield, and dyeability were tested. It was discovered that of the three plants, kuka has the highest fiber yield followed by kargo and lastly farin kaya. Seizing was done by boiling of the fibers with chemical Na0H. It was also discovered that boiling of the extracted fiber in caustic soda (Na0H) increased the tensile strength of the fiber to resist the rigours of production for table mats and rugs. The fibers in all are suitable for manufacturing of strings, ropes, and cords. The fibers were also discovered not to retain vat dyes.


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