CULTURAL AESTHETICS, ARTEFACTS AND SYMBOLS (PATTERNS) IN AFRICAN LITERARY AND VISUAL ARTS

Ngozi Dora Ulogu, Emman Okunna

Abstract


African culture is replete with aesthetics, artefacts and symbols as the way of life of its people. These distinguish African culture from among others, manifesting in their values, practices and performances. Artefacts are art objects, and symbols that signify traditional ideologies and philosophies that accentuate cultural heritage. Cultural Aesthetics highlights visual impressions and representations of traditional art forms. The beauty of the African art, particularly, the Igbo traditional art works are appreciated and highlighted in both the literary and visual forms. These objects appear as musical instruments such as the talking drums, Ikolo, ogene; or as ornaments such as; ivory, jigida, ufie, or as objects, paintings, patterns and colours designed on walls or on the body as adornments, especially, during festivities. Textual representations of the performance and lifestyle depicting these cultural items present in selected texts of Chinua Achebe and George Ndubisi. Also, the visual expressions of these objects abound in Igbo cultural environments. This research promotes the sustainability of these artefacts and symbols as ways of propagating cultural dynamism and revival.

Keywords: Culture, Aesthetics, Artefacts, Symbols, Visual art, Literary art


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