EFFECT OF URBAN TRAFFIC CONGESTION ON THE PRODUCTIVITY OF THE RESIDENTS IN APO, ABUJA, NIGERIA

Emmanuel Arome Tokula, Alih Jemilat, H A Eyimoga

Abstract


The study focused on the effect of urban traffic congestion on man’s productivity in Apo, Abuja, Nigeria. The study examines the residents’ perceived causes of traffic congestion, Investigate the socio-economic effects of traffic congestion and assess the ways of mitigating the effects of urban traffic congestion in Apo, Abuja, Nigeria. The study used simple random sampling techniques to administer 400 questionnaires to respondents. Frequency distribution table, percentages and 4-point Likert scale on acceptance benchmark of 2.5 was used to analyse the data. The study reveals that the major causes of traffic congestion are pot holes and narrow roads (98.7%) followed by Inadequate road signs (97.6%), Bad weather (96.7%), Lack of alternative means of transport (95.1%), unplanned road network (90%) and Abandoned containers/broken down vehicles (87.9%) respectively. On the other hand, the effects of traffic congestion on commuters’ productivity in the study area includes accidents which could cause death, destruction of properties, permanent disability and injuries and loss of productive hours by workers /entrepreneurs (98.2 %). increase the consumption of fuel (93.8%), causes wear and tear (91.8%), frequent repairs and replacements (88.9%) and Transporters incur loss when the transported goods are not delivered on time respectively. The study further revealed that the major ways of mitigating the effects of urban traffic congestion in the study area is traffic lights (97.7%). The study concludes that urban population growth in developing countries fuels the challenges of traffic. The study recommends that land use location and allocation within Apo and environs should be integrated and planned, to enhance the quality and functionality of the environment.

Keyword: Environment, Productivity, Residents, Traffic congestion, Urban traffic


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